What would you do if you have a 10+ year old laptop that is but too old to run any version of Windows. Unless you can actually donate it or make use of it, most likely, it'll be lying there for too long. I had a similar situation, so, I thought of utilizing it for my hobby activities. Hereby I'm sharing some quick steps that you can also use to renew your old computer/laptop.
With these steps you can get a renewed laptop which feels snappier and powerful. As you may be familiar, with Linux, you get a much powerful operating system and access to mighty open source tools/applications.
Before getting started you would need:
- Laptop/Desktop with internet connection (in this case I'm using a windows laptop)
- USB Drive (at least 8 GB)
- Backup data from USB drive, as steps mentioned below will wipe everything out of the USB drive
Phase 1- Create a bootable USB drive (Estimated time: ~20 min)
It may be sounding quite techie, but it's not quite so. (So much for installing Linux via multiple floppy drives during old times).
- Download tool to create bootable USB drive
- Download latest OS (ISO file) that you need for installation. In this case, I used Lubuntu, as it is a lighter version of widely used Ubuntu (lots of support and stability) and is easy to use for general population
- Lubuntu Downloads link: https://lubuntu.me/downloads/
- Download the version recommended for most users. Currently it is 22.04.03 (https://cdimage.ubuntu.com/lubuntu/releases/22.04.3/release/lubuntu-22.04.3-desktop-amd64.iso)
- Now, create the bootable USB Drive using the tool downloaded (steps can differ for tool, but generally follows):
- Open tool (Rufus / Etcher) downloaded earlier
- Select the OS installation ISO file downloaded in previous step
- Ensure USB drive is inserted into USB port (doesn't help if USB drive is in your pocket)
- Ensure the device selected indicates USB drive that's to be used
- You can leave rest of the the fields to their default value and proceed (refer to screenshot below for reference)
- Application should take a few minutes and confirm when USB drive is ready
Phase 2 - Boot Old Machine using USB Drive (Estimated time: ~10 min)
- Take old laptop that needs second life
- Insert USB Drive (made bootable with previous steps) into USB port of the old laptop
- Boot old laptop
- If you directly see Lubuntu installation screen, then skip to step 4, else proceed with step 5
- You may need to change boot sequence
- Shutdown machine (if nothing works press power button for around 10-15 seconds)
- Restart machine, as soon as you see anything, start pressing BIOS shortcut key. Refer following list to identify BIOS menu shortcut key for your machine (If this doesn't work, try searching on Google for your specific machine)
- Acer: Esc, F12 or F9. Most computers models from Acer should work with the F12 key.
- Asus: F8 or Esc
- Compaq: Esc or F9
- Dell: F12
- Fujitsu: F12
- HP: Esc or F9. If Esc works, you may need to press F9 afterwards: Esc + F9.
- Lenovo: F8, F10 or F12. On computer models with the Novo button, try pressing the Novo button. Other key combinations: Fn + F11.
- Samsung: Esc or F2 or F12. Users of ultrabooks from Samsung should disable the fast boot option in BIOS/UEFI before they boot from a USB device. To disable the fast boot, go to To access BIOS/UEFI > Samsung and find the combination of keys you need to press to access this.
- VAIO: Esc, F10 or F11. On some Sony VAIO computers models you may need to press the Assist button.
- Toshiba: F12
- Once in BIOS menu, locate Boot settings and ensure Removable devices is at the top (use arrow keys indicated on right hand side to move items up and down). It should look somewhat similar to screenshot below
Phase 3 - Install Lubuntu (Estimated time: ~30 min)
- Follow steps as per article: https://www.zdnet.com/article/how-to-install-linux-on-an-old-laptop/
- Voila! If everything went right, you should see a desktop similar to following screenshot